/ Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

Years
2016
Location
Ukraine, Kyiv
Type
Project area
2,3 ha
Client
NGO 'Initiative for St. Andrew’s Passage'
Support
Kyiv City State Administration, Ministry of Culture of Ukraine, National Museum of Ukrainian History
Cooperation
Patron and project idea by Vyacheslav Moskalevskyi
State
Implemented
Challenge
To restore Starokyivska Mountain as an open public space with modern infrastructure as a continuation of the Avraham Miletsky's project 'Ancient Kyiv'
Solution
The dismantling of small architectural forms and full restoration of the stairs to the central entrance were our first steps. The lost pedestrian connections and panoramic views on the Podil and the Dnipro river were then restored.

Location

Starokyivska mountain is protected by 'UNESCO'.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
Timeline of the site
X-I centuries B.C.

The Paleolithic stand, the Tripoli settlement and the settlements of  late Bronze and Copper periods were located on this site.


VI-VIII centuries

Very in this place the Prince Kyi founded the city of Kyiv. Near the building of the historical museum there was a pagan temple, which is now re-established.

Х century

The first rock Christian temple of Ancient Rus,— The Tithe Church,  was located on the territory of Starokyivska mountain. It was built in 989-996 by prince Volodymyr the Great, who allocated for its construction and maintenance tenth of his income — tithe. Holy thing was completely destroyed by mongol-tatar in 1240.


City of Volodymyr / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
City of Volodymyr
Timeline of the site (continuation)
ХVII century

According to the legend, in 1635, in honor of the partial restoration of the Church of the Tithes, the linden tree was planted by Peter Mogyla. Now it adorns the territory and is a natural monument of local significance.

ХХ century

In the eighties of the 20th century, the historic-archaeological and architectural complex of the 'Ancient Kyiv' Park Museum, which includes the Passage Alley, was created on this territory. It was done in celebration of the 1500th anniversary of Kyiv city foundation, under the project of architect Abraham Miletsky.

ХХІ century

Since 2005 the archaeological research of the Tithe Church’s foundations started on the site. In 2011 there was a threat of destruction of the foundation’s remnants, therefore, the works were on its conservation were carried out.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

Archeological excavations

Since 2005 the archaeological research of the Tithe Church’s foundations started on the site. In 2011 there was a threat of destruction of the foundation’s remnants, therefore, the works were on its conservation were carried out. Upon completion of the work, the construction fence, which was set up in 2005, have not been demolished. The vast territory of the museum remained closed until 2015, which led to the destruction of the main pedestrian links.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

Restoration of the Tithe Church’s foundations

In summer 2015, the NGO 'Initiative for St. Andrew's Passage', with the support of the local community, demolished the construction fence and executed tracing of the Tithe Church’s foundation.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

State of the site before reconstruction

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

Archival drawings

In the archives of the museum we found the design of the architect Avram Miletsky and some documents that helped us understand how the territory was arranged before the archaeological excavations began.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

Site research

In early 2016, on the initiative of the Kyivan maecenas Vyacheslav Moskalevsky, the work began on the further restoration of Starokyivska mountain, a modern territory of the National Museum of History of Ukraine.

Paving

Half of pavement was destroyed, pedestrian links with Volodymyrska street were lost. To preserve original sandstone pavers, the survived pavers were counted apiece for further restoration. It turned out to be almost half of the total amount. Another part was purchased from the same career 'Terebovan', from which, according to archival documents, were supplied the existing sandstones.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

Lighting and storm drain system

In the evening, it was dangerous to stay in the territory (especially on the museum's backyard): only three out of 31 lanterns worked, all others were broken. Some lanterns were torn to the foundation, domes were broken. There was also an obvious lack of benches for rest.

On the territory there were only 5 dots of water receivers, so water flowed along the pavement and destroyed it. In the winter it was slippery on pathes. Powerful fast water streams negatively affected the general condition of pavement. The northern branch of the drainage system was sludged and littered.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

Green plantations and lawn

Most of  trees were in a satisfactory condition. Only spruce tree, located near the entrance to the museum, was struck by a fungal disease. Several acacia trees and linden were struck by mistletoe. Self-seeding plants on the slope completely closed the panoramic view of Kyiv from the sightseeing platform. The lawn was trampled and burned out in the sun, because there was no care for it. 

In cooperation with involved experts we analyzed 4 types of soil that were taken at different points of the site. Then the grass mixture that can withstand heat, which does not require intensive care and is suitable for these conditions was chosen.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

What we have changed

Our goal was to give the space a second life after 10 years of its isolation. It meant not only putting a new pavement and street furniture, but also reforming the entire infrastructure of the territory, creating a high-quality public space that meets the needs of the people.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

Implementation process

In order to make Starokyivska mountains a citizens' favorite place for rest, first of all ubiquitous kiosks were dismantled and the central stairs were renovated, since the old ones were impossible for use.

 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

How the site looks now

The reconstruction project of Starokyivska mountain envisages the revival of the historic center of Kyiv, modern in its infrastructure and opened to the public.


 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain
 / Renovation of Starokyivska mountain

'KOTSIUBA' Landscape architecture studio

Maksym Kotsiuba, Mariia Andriienko, Marianna Kryvoruchko, Tavifa Ponomarenko

 

Phytopathologist

Sergii Rogovskii

Strategy + design — Other Land

Web development — Perevorot.com