/ 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

年份
2016
位置
乌克兰基辅
类型
项目区域
2,3 公顷
挑战
恢复斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山作为一个开放的公共空间与现代基础设施,作为阿夫拉罕·米利茨基的项目古代基辅的延续。
解决方案
拆除小型建筑形式和完全恢复通往中央入口的楼梯是我们的第一步。在Podil和Dnipro河上消失的行人接线图和全景随后被修复。

Location

Starokyivska mountain is protected by 'UNESCO'.

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Timeline of the site
X-I centuries B.C.

The Paleolithic stand, the Tripoli settlement and the settlements of  late Bronze and Copper periods were located on this site.


VI-VIII centuries

Very in this place the Prince Kyi founded the city of Kyiv. Near the building of the historical museum there was a pagan temple, which is now re-established.

Х century

The first rock Christian temple of Ancient Rus,— The Tithe Church,  was located on the territory of Starokyivska mountain. It was built in 989-996 by prince Volodymyr the Great, who allocated for its construction and maintenance tenth of his income — tithe. Holy thing was completely destroyed by mongol-tatar in 1240.


City of Volodymyr / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
City of Volodymyr
Timeline of the site (continuation)
ХVII century

According to the legend, in 1635, in honor of the partial restoration of the Church of the Tithes, the linden tree was planted by Peter Mogyla. Now it adorns the territory and is a natural monument of local significance.

ХХ century

In the eighties of the 20th century, the historic-archaeological and architectural complex of the 'Ancient Kyiv' Park Museum, which includes the Passage Alley, was created on this territory. It was done in celebration of the 1500th anniversary of Kyiv city foundation, under the project of architect Abraham Miletsky.

ХХІ century

Since 2005 the archaeological research of the Tithe Church’s foundations started on the site. In 2011 there was a threat of destruction of the foundation’s remnants, therefore, the works were on its conservation were carried out.

1987 — Starokyivska mountain at USSR times / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
1987 — Starokyivska mountain at USSR times / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Starokyivska mountain at USSR times / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

Archeological excavations

Since 2005 the archaeological research of the Tithe Church’s foundations started on the site. In 2011 there was a threat of destruction of the foundation’s remnants, therefore, the works were on its conservation were carried out. Upon completion of the work, the construction fence, which was set up in 2005, have not been demolished. The vast territory of the museum remained closed until 2015, which led to the destruction of the main pedestrian links.

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Restoration of the Tithe Church’s foundations

In summer 2015, the NGO 'Initiative for St. Andrew's Passage', with the support of the local community, demolished the construction fence and executed tracing of the Tithe Church’s foundation.

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State of the site before reconstruction

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Entrance to the site / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Main stairs from Volodymyrska street were totally blocked with souvenirs’ kiosks / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Panoramic views were closed by self-seeding plants / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Remains of construction have fence blocked pedestrian links / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Part of pathes have been trashed / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Benches, that were installed on the mounds, led to the lawn trampling / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Restoration of foundations did not consider required pedestrian connections / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

Archival drawings

In the archives of the museum we found the design of the architect Avram Miletsky and some documents that helped us understand how the territory was arranged before the archaeological excavations began.

 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

Site research

In early 2016, on the initiative of the Kyivan maecenas Vyacheslav Moskalevsky, the work began on the further restoration of Starokyivska mountain, a modern territory of the National Museum of History of Ukraine.

Paving

Half of pavement was destroyed, pedestrian links with Volodymyrska street were lost. To preserve original sandstone pavers, the survived pavers were counted apiece for further restoration. It turned out to be almost half of the total amount. Another part was purchased from the same career 'Terebovan', from which, according to archival documents, were supplied the existing sandstones.

Pavement state / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Pavement state / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

Lighting and storm drain system

In the evening, it was dangerous to stay in the territory (especially on the museum's backyard): only three out of 31 lanterns worked, all others were broken. Some lanterns were torn to the foundation, domes were broken. There was also an obvious lack of benches for rest.

On the territory there were only 5 dots of water receivers, so water flowed along the pavement and destroyed it. In the winter it was slippery on pathes. Powerful fast water streams negatively affected the general condition of pavement. The northern branch of the drainage system was sludged and littered.

Lighting / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Lighting / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Lighting / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Storm drain system / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

Green plantations and lawn

Most of  trees were in a satisfactory condition. Only spruce tree, located near the entrance to the museum, was struck by a fungal disease. Several acacia trees and linden were struck by mistletoe. Self-seeding plants on the slope completely closed the panoramic view of Kyiv from the sightseeing platform. The lawn was trampled and burned out in the sun, because there was no care for it. 

In cooperation with involved experts we analyzed 4 types of soil that were taken at different points of the site. Then the grass mixture that can withstand heat, which does not require intensive care and is suitable for these conditions was chosen.

Green plantations / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Green plantations / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Green plantations / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Lawn covering / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Lawn covering / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Lawn covering / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

What we have changed

Our goal was to give the space a second life after 10 years of its isolation. It meant not only putting a new pavement and street furniture, but also reforming the entire infrastructure of the territory, creating a high-quality public space that meets the needs of the people.

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Entrance group / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Entrance group before reconstruction / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Space in front of the museum / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Space in front of the museum before reconstruction / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Side entrance group / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Side entrance group before reconstruction / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Sanitary trimming of trees have been done and panoramic views have been opened, so everyone could feel himself as a prince of all Rus, and watch the Lower city / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Panoramic views were closed by self-seeding plants / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Damaged sandstone pavers were replaced, and solid ones were dismantled and cleaned for reuse / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Paving state before reconstruction / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Mounds with benches / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
Mounds with benches before reconstruction / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

Implementation process

In order to make Starokyivska mountains a citizens' favorite place for rest, first of all ubiquitous kiosks were dismantled and the central stairs were renovated, since the old ones were impossible for use.

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The reconstruction process of Starokyivska mountain / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
The reconstruction process of Starokyivska mountain / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
The reconstruction process of Starokyivska mountain / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

How the site looks now

The reconstruction project of Starokyivska mountain envisages the revival of the historic center of Kyiv, modern in its infrastructure and opened to the public.


 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山
 / 斯塔罗基耶夫斯克山

Strategy + design — Other Land

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